Mayflower Application

This line of Palmer – Baker was recently accepted by the Mayflower Society as a descendant to the Pilgrim John Howland. Here is the application and support documents used. The biggest challenge was generation 6 where it was argued that known Mayflower descendant Joseph Palmer, born in Stonington CT to Bethiah (Sturgis) Holmes, is the same Joseph Palmer who died in Northumberland NY. Here is the analysis:
Why Joseph Palmer of Northumberland is son of Bethiah Holmes

 PLACEDATEREFERENCE
1John Howland
2Desire Howland
married to John Gorham
3Temperance Gorham
b.Marshfield MA5 May 1646John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 11, 14
d. Yarmouth MA12 Mar 1714/15John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 14
m1. Yarmouth MAc. 1663John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 14
married to Edward Sturgis, Jr. [Edward Sturgis-Elizabeth Hinckley]
b. poss Charlestown MA10 Apr 1642John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 14
d. Yarmouth, MA8 Nov 1678John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 14
4Fear Sturgis
b. Yarmouth, MAc 1678John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 16, 59
d. Stonington CT22 Jun 1753John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 59
m Yarmouth MA21 Nov 1698John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 59
married to Joshua Holmes[Joshua Holmes-Abigail (Ingraham) Cheseborough]
b. Westerly RI29 Aug 1678John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 59
23 Nov 1729John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 59
5Bethiah Holmes
b. Stonington CT29 July 1715John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 60, 254
d. bef 16 Jun 1744John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 254
m. prob Stonington CTJohn Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 254
poss married to David Palmer[Nehemiah Palmer - Jerusha Saxton]
b. Stonington CT22 Dec 1717Palmer Ancestry and Genealogy Byron S Palmer
d. UnknownUnknown
6Joseph Palmer
b. Stonington CT15 Feb 1738
Palmer Ancestry and Genealogy Byron S Palmer
bapt. N. Stonington CT30 Apr 1738John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1 pg 255
d. Northumberland, Saratoga, NY14 Aug 1813Palmer Ancestry and Genealogy Byron S Palmer
10 Sep 1813Joseph Palmer Probate File
m. prob Stonington CTunknownJared Palmer Revolutionary War Pension File
married to Eunice ___
b. unknown1737Eunice Palmer Newspaper Obituary
d. Northumberland, Saratoga, NY10 Mar 1834Eunice Palmer Newspaper Obituary
SUPPORT DOCUMENTSWhy Joseph Palmer of Northumberland is son of Bethiah Holmes
Descendants of Walter Palmer by Elmer H Palmer
13th NY Reg't in 'History of Saratoga County' by NF Sylvester
Reuben Moore Rev War File regarding Joseph Palmer
War Veteran Headstone Application for Joseph Palmer (1940)
Palmer Family Gravestone in Bacon Hill Cemetery
Jared Palmer Revolutionary War Pension File
William & Bethiah Copeland Revolution War Pension File
1824 Land Sale involving Joseph Palmer Estate
1790 US Census in Saratoga NY for Joseph Palmer
1800 US Census in Northumberland NY for Joseph, Nicholas Palmer
1810 US Census in Northumberland NY for Joseph Palmer
Descr & Biog'l Rec of Saratoga Co NY by Anderson, pg 109
Stonington Vital Records for Joseph Palmer of Voluntown
Joseph Palmer of Voluntown Revolutionary War Summary Letter
Joseph Palmer of Voluntown Gravestone
7Nicholas Palmer
b. prob Northumberland, NY2 Aug 1771 Reminiscences of My Family by Ethel Baker Neff
Palmer Family Gravestones in Perry Cemetery
d. Northumberland, NY29 Jul 1845Nicholas Palmer Will
Palmer Family Gravestones in Perry Cemetery
m. Schuylerville, NY17 Mar 1796Marriage Records at Reformed Protestant Church in Schuylerville, NY
married to Jane Ross[William Ross-Mary Read]
b. Saratoga County, NY28 Feb 17771855 NY Census in Northumbertland NY for Jane Palmer
Reminiscences of My Family by Ethel Baker Neff
d. Northumberland, NY24 May 1857Palmer Family Gravestones in Perry Cemetery
SUPPORT DOCUMENTS1800 US Census in Northumberland NY for Joseph, Nicholas Palmer
1810 US Census in Northumberland NY for Nicholas Palmer
1820 US Census in Northumberland NY for Nicholas Palmer
1830 US Census in Northumberland NY for Nicholas Palmer
1840 US Census in Northumberland NY for Nicholas Palmer
8Mary Palmer
b. Northumberland, Saratoga, NY7 Dec 1798Family Tree for Palmer N Baker
Reminiscences of My Family by Ethel Baker Neff
1855 NY Census in Cambria NY for Mary, Alden, Everett Baker
1860 US Census in Cambria NY for Mary Baker
d. Cambria, Niagara, NY11 Apr 1864Baker Family Gravestones in Hillside Cemetery
m. Northumberland, Saratoga, NY14 Sep 1815Family Tree for Palmer N Baker
Reminiscences of My Family by Ethel Baker Neff
married to James Baker[Peter Baker-Lydia Dudley]
b Westmoreland, Cheshire, NH11 Mar 1792Family Tree for Palmer N Baker
1855 NY Census in Cambria NY for Mary, Alden, Everett Baker
1860 US Census in Cambria NY for Mary Baker
Baker Family Gravestones in Hillside Cemetery
d. Cambria, Niagara, NY18 Nov 1868Baker Family Gravestones in Hillside Cemetery
James Baker Newspaper Obituary
SUPPORT DOCUMENTS1820 US Census in Wilton, Saratoga, NY for James Baker
1824 James Baker & Nicholas Palmer Land Purchase
1830 US Census in Gorham, Ontario, NY for James Baker
1831 James & Mary Baker/Nicholas & Jane Palmer Land Sale
1840 US Census in Cambria NY for James Baker
1850 US Census in Cambria NY for Mary, Alden Baker
1860 US Census in Cambria NY for Palmer Baker
1865 NY Census in Cambria NY for James, Alden, Everett Baker
1876 Palmer N Baker Death Record
9Alden Dudley Baker
b. Saratoga County, NY28 Jul 18231860 US Census in Cambria NY for Alden, Everett Baker
Baker Family Gravestones in Hillside Cemetery
d. Cambria, Niagara, NY15 Mar 1891D/C - Alden D Baker Death Certificate
Baker Family Gravestones in Hillside Cemetery
m. Somerset, Niagara, NYAbt 1854Reminiscences of My Family by Ethel Baker Neff
1855 NY Census in Cambria NY for Mary, Alden, Everett Baker
married to Elizabeth A Blackmer[Homer Blackmer-Marana Terry]
b. Ontario, Can20 Jun 18341860 US Census in Cambria NY for Alden, Everett Baker
Baker Family Gravestones in Hillside Cemetery
d. Cambria, Niagara, NY4 Jan 1895Eliza A Baker Newpaper Obituary
Baker Family Gravestones in Hillside Cemetery
SUPPORT DOCUMENTS1850 US Census in Cambria NY for Mary, Alden Baker
1855 NY Census in Cambria NY for Mary, Alden, Everett Baker
1865 NY Census in Cambria NY for James, Alden, Everett Baker
1870 US Census in Cambria NY for Alden, Everett Baker
1875 NY Census in Cambria NY for Alden Baker
1880 US Census for Alden Baker.pdf
10Everett Milford Baker
b. Cambria, Niagara, NY7 Apr 1855Everett Baker Bio in 'Landmarks of Orleans Co'. 1894
Reminiscences of My Family by Ethel Baker Neff
d. Medina, Orleans, NY3 Feb 1896D/C - Everett Baker Death Certificate
m. Medina, Orleans, NY19 Sep 1877Reminiscences of My Family by Ethel Baker Neff
1880 US Census in Medina NY for Everett Baker
married to Helen Adelia Hill[Robert Lloyd Hill-Adelia Augusta Wood]
b. Medina, Orleans, NY26 Dec 1854Reminiscences of My Family by Ethel Baker Neff
1855 NY Census in Medina NY for Helen Hill
d. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, OK12 May 1923Helen (Hill) Baker Death Record
1923 Helen (Hill) Baker Obit in Lockport NY Union Sun Journal
SUPPORT DOCUMENTS1855 NY Census in Cambria NY for Mary, Alden, Everett Baker
1860 US Census in Cambria NY for Alden, Everett Baker
1865 NY Census in Cambria NY for James, Alden, Everett Baker
1870 US Census in Cambria NY for Alden, Everett Baker
1892 NY Census in Medina NY for Everett, Harold Baker
Baker & Hill Gravesite in Boxwood Cemetery
11Harold Jay Baker
b. Medina, Orleans, NY29 Mar 1884Reminiscences of My Family by Ethel Baker Neff
1892 NY Census in Medina NY for Everett, Harold Baker
d. Tulsa, Tulsa, OK17 Feb 1978D/C - Harold Jay Baker Death Certificate
m. Wellston, Lincoln, OK5 Oct 1907 M/C - Baker Woods Marriage Certificate.pdf
married to Helen Josephine Woods[Alexander A Woods-Mary Ellen Walker]
b. Mercer County, PA20 Jan 1883 Civil War pension file from Alexander A Woods
1892 NY Census in Wirt NY for Helen Woods
d. Tulsa, Tulsa, OK13 Oct 1976s-D/C - Helen Woods Baker Death Certificate
SUPPORT DOCUMENTS1900 US Census in Medina NY for Harold Baker
1905 NY Census in Medina NY for Harold Baker
1910 US Census in Wellston OK for Harold Baker
1920 US Census in Tulsa OK for Harold, Robert Baker
1930 US Census Harold, Robert Baker
1940 US Census for Harold Baker
12Robert Woods Baker
b. Wellston, Lincoln, OK10 Jul 1910B/C - Robert W Baker Birth Certificate
d. Tulsa, Tulsa, OK10 Apr 1980D/C - Robert W Baker Death Certificate
m. Unknown15 May 1931Family Scrapbook Page
Robert W Baker Sons of American Revolution Application
married to Winifred Olive Nicklos[Ernest James Nicklos-Olive Jean Perkins]
b. Tampico, Mexico17 Aug 19111913 Winifred Nicklos Travel Manifest
1930 US Census in Ponca City, OK for Winifred Nicklos
d. Tulsa, Tulsa, OKJun 1992s-D/C - Winifred Baker Death Certificate
SUPPORT DOCUMENTS1920 US Census in Tulsa OK for Harold, Robert Baker
1930 US Census Harold, Robert Baker
1940 US Census in Tulsa OK for Robert, Winifred Baker

Evidence that Joseph Palmer of Northumberland NY is the son of Bethiah (Holmes) Palmer

  1. Joseph Palmer of Northumberland comes from Stonington since his oldest known son was born there.
  2. The research book “Palmer Family and Genealogy” by Byron S Palmer and Horace Wilbur Palmer gives Joseph Palmer’s birth as 14 Feb 1738 in Stonington, CT. This birth date is a month earlier than the baptism date of 30 Apr 1738 for Bethiah’s son.
  3. From the published newspaper obituary, Eunice Palmer was born in 1737, near the baptism date of Joseph Palmer of Stonington.
  4. Joseph and Eunice’s oldest known daughter was named Bethiah Palmer, presumably after Joseph’s mother, Bethiah Holmes. Bethiah is an unusual first name.

Evidence that Nicholas Palmer is the son of Joseph and Eunice Palmer

  1. Anson and Jared Palmer, sons of Joseph Palmer, administered the estate of Joseph Palmer after Eunice, his wife, renounces.
  2. Nicholas is brother to Anson Palmer, Bethiah (Palmer) Coplin and Rebecca (Palmer) Benjamin in the William & Bethiah Coplin Revolutionary War Pension File. 
  3. Nicholas is listed as son of Eunice Palmer in Eunice’s newspaper obituary
  4. Nicholas and Jane Palmer sell 1/5 portion of Joseph Palmer estate along with sisters Bethiah and Rebecca and brother Jared’s oldest son, David.
  5. Nicholas lives next to Joseph Palmer in 1800 US census in Northumberland NY

Evidence that Mary, wife of James Baker, is the daughter of Nicholas and Jane (Ross) Palmer

  1. Named in Will of Nicholas Palmer as daughter Polly wife of James Baker of Cambria NY
  2. James Baker and Nicholas Palmer bought land together in Gorham NY in 1824. James and Mary Baker along with Nicholas and Jane Palmer sold this land in 1831. James and Mary then moved to Niagara county.
  3. 1855 and 1860 Censuses in Cambria NY list Mary wife of James Baker as born in Saratoga County, NY
  4. Oldest child of James and Mary Baker of Cambria is named Palmer Nicholas Baker, named after Mary’s father Nicholas Palmer. Palmer is shown in 1860 living in Cambria NY with wife Lucinda. A child of PN and Lucinda Palmer is buried at the James and Mary family grave site in Cambria NY. Palmer N Baker death record in Michigan lists parents as James and Mary (Palmer) Baker.
  5. Ethel (Neff) Baker, great granddaughter, describes a silver tablespoon that belonged to Mary Palmer Baker with initials MPB engraved on the handle.